Question 7:

Hazards online:

  • Beware of malware
    • Worms
    • Adware (pop-up advertisements that sometimes have spyware)
    • Bots (Used for specific purpose, can be created to find information etc. on other computers)
    • Trojan horses(camouflages itself as a programme or software and then “giving third party remote access, installing more malware, modifying  files, monitoring  user activity  (screen  watching)”)
      • Make sure you have a very good antivirus and anti-malware programme on your device to combat malware.
    • Beware of digital fraud
      • Don’t take free samples as companies can steal your credit card details.
        • Make sure the site you are using is a legitimate one and has a security lock next to the URL.
      • Don’t donate to random charities that send you emails that you have never signed up for.
        • These could be fake companies and could just steal your money.
      • Do not reply to any competitions that you have mysteriously won without even entering them.
        • They are fake, do not accept their calls or give them any personal information.
      • Always make sure that your information is protected.
        • Back-up all your files and protect what you can with passwords.
          • Make sure it is a password that is not obvious like you name and year you were born. It is always better to add symbols and numbers to make it less obvious.
        • Encrypt files that contain sensitive or secret information.
      • Make sure that your internet communication is private by having a VPN (virtual private network)
      • Make sure that all your social media accounts are on private to fend off any unwanted attention such as stalkers or robbers that may know your location.
      • Always make sure that you have your phone on you or in a safe place to protect all your media, communication and information stored on it.
      • Beware of child pornography as it is a sexual offence against the children.
        • This could include cat-fishing(Anon, 2017) – where someone (typically the opposite of they say they are) pretends to be someone else online to get your attention, affection etc. When meeting with them they could be rapists, murderers or just really the opposite of what you thought they were so they are a stranger.
        • Sexual comments and messages sent to young teenagers, child pornographic videos etc. is an offence and should be reported.
      • Beware of people who stalk, cyberbully, harass people because often this leads to people hurting themselves and the act of harassing them is an offence and detrimental to people mental health.
        • Be careful of what you say to other people online. It could be hurting them in ways that you may not even know. (Digital Citizenship 2017 Student Manual, 2017.)